Mental Health & Depression Screening

Mental Health & Depression Screening

Mental Health

When your life spins out of control, asking for help is a sign of strength, not weakness.The American Psychological Association recommends you seek the help of a trained mental health professional if:

  • You constantly worry.
  • You feel trapped.
  • You aren't getting any better with self-help.
  • You feel as if you can't handle things alone.
  • Your feelings are affecting your job, relationships or sleep or eating habits.

Other reasons to seek help: Someone who knows you well suggests that you go to counseling or you have an untreated problem with substance abuse.

These are only some of the symptoms that may warrant seeking help. You may have others that concern you. More information on Mental Health 


A Workable Guide to Good Mental Health 

What is depression?

A depressive disorder is a whole-body illness, involving the body, mood, and thoughts, and affects the way a person eats and sleeps, feels about himself or herself, and thinks about things. It is not the same as being unhappy or in a blue mood. Nor is it a sign of personal weakness or a condition that can be willed or wished away. People with a depressive illness cannot merely "pull themselves together" and get better.

Without treatment, symptoms can last for weeks, months, or years. Appropriate treatment, however, can help most people who suffer from depression. During any one year period, nearly 19 million American adults suffer from depressive illness. Yet, treatment can alleviate symptoms in nearly 80 percent of cases.

What are the different types of depression?

Depressive disorders come in different forms, as do other illnesses, such as heart disease. Three of the most prevalent types of depressive disorders include the following:

  • Major depression. A combination of symptoms (see symptom list) that interfere with the ability to work, sleep, eat, and enjoy once pleasurable activities. These disabling episodes of depression can occur once, twice, or several times in a lifetime.
  • Dysthymia. Long-term, chronic symptoms that do not disable, but keep people from functioning at "full steam" or from feeling good. Sometimes, people with dysthymia also experience major depressive episodes.
  • Bipolar disorder (manic-depression). A chronic, recurring condition that includes cycles of depression and elation or mania.

Within these types, there are variations in the number of symptoms, their severity, and persistence.

What are the symptoms of depression?

The following are the most common symptoms of depression. However, each individual may experience symptoms differently. In general, nearly everyone suffering from depression has ongoing feelings of sadness, and may feel helpless, hopeless, and irritable.

The American Psychiatric Association suggests that professional help is advisable for those who have four or more of the following symptoms continually for more than two weeks:

  • Noticeable change of appetite, with either significant weight loss not attributable to dieting or weight gain
  • Noticeable change in sleeping patterns, such as fitful sleep, inability to sleep, early morning awakening, or sleeping too much
  • Loss of interest and pleasure in activities formerly enjoyed
  • Persistent sad, anxious, or "empty" mood
  • Feelings of hopelessness, pessimism
  • Restlessness, irritability
  • Decreased energy, fatigue, being "slowed down"
  • Feelings of worthlessness
  • Persistent feelings of hopelessness
  • Feelings of inappropriate guilt
  • Inability to concentrate or think, indecisiveness
  • Recurring thoughts of death or suicide, wishing to die, or attempting suicide (Note: Individuals with this symptom should receive treatment immediately!)

Melancholia (defined as overwhelming feelings of sadness and grief), accompanied by the following:

  • Waking at least two hours earlier than normal in the morning
  • Feeling more depressed in the morning
  • Moving significantly more slowly
  • Disturbed thinking--for example, severely depressed people sometimes have beliefs not based in reality about physical disease, sinfulness, or poverty
  • Physical symptoms, such as headaches, digestive disorders, and chronic pain

Treatment for depression


Specific treatment for depression will be determined by your health care provider based on:
Your age, overall health, and medical history
Extent of the depression
Your tolerance for specific medications, procedures, or therapies
Expectations for the course of the disorder
Your opinion or preference

Generally, based on the outcome of evaluations, depressive disorders are treated with medication or either psychotherapy or cognitive behavioral therapy, or a combination of medication and therapy.

You can also help yourself

Depressive disorders can make a person feel exhausted, worthless, helpless, and hopeless. Such negative thoughts and feelings make some people feel like giving up. It is important to realize that these negative views are part of the depression and typically do not accurately reflect the actual circumstances. Negative thinking fades as treatment begins to take effect. In the meantime, consider the following:

  • Set realistic goals in light of the depression and assume a reasonable amount of responsibility.
  • Break large tasks into small ones, set some priorities, and do what you can as you can.
  • Try to be with other people and to confide in someone; it is usually better than being alone and secretive.
  • Participate in activities that may make you feel better.
  • Mild exercise, going to a movie, a ball game, or participating in religious, social, or other activities may help.
  • Expect your mood to improve gradually, not immediately. Feeling better takes time.

It is advisable to postpone important decisions until the depression has lifted. Before deciding to make a significant transition - change jobs, get married or divorced - discuss it with others who know you well and have a more objective view of your situation.

People rarely "snap out of" a depression. But they can feel a little better day-by-day.

Remember, positive thinking will replace the negative thinking that is part of the depression and will disappear as your depression responds to treatment.

Let your family and friends help you.

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