Cardiac Stress Test & Nuclear Stress Test
Why is the test done?
The cardiac stress test is used to find out if there is significant blockage of the blood supply to the heart (coronary artery disease). In a nuclear stress test, the doctor is looking at the heart muscle itself and the amount of radioactive material picked up (perfused) by the heart. These tests give doctors a good idea of what is going on in your heart.
What can you expect?
You will go to Fort HealthCare – Fort Memorial Hospital for the test. Use the main entrance on Armenia Street by the revolving door. Ask for help in finding the Cardiac Eval (EKG) Department. The nuclear stress test is a two day test done in two parts: a “rest” part and a “stress” part.
Please allow 1½ hours for these exams.
How should you prepare for the stress test?
- Do not eat or drink for four hours before the exam.
- If you take insulin, you should talk to your doctor or clinic to change your dose for the day.
- If you use a blood sugar meter, please bring it along to the test.
- Do not have any caffeine 24 hours before the test. This includes coffee, tea, chocolate, and sodas (diet, regular, or decaffeinated).
- Wear/bring pants or shorts that are easy to move in and soft-soled shoes.
- Contact your doctor with questions about any drugs you are on for your heart or blood pressure. Your doctor will have to decide whether to stop them before the test.
- If you were told not to take certain drugs, bring them with you and take them after the test.
- You will be asked to sign a consent form for the stress portion.
The “rest” portion of the nuclear stress test will be done on a separate day and will be compared with the stress images done after the “stress” portion of the test. On this day we ask that you do not eat any food for 3 hours prior to the test. You may drink water or juice and you can take your medications as usual. Enter through the main hospital entrance and go to radiology.
For the “rest” images, a radioactive material that helps take pictures of your heart will be injected through an IV line and pictures will be taken 30 minutes later. You will be asked to lie flat on a table and remain still while the pictures are being taken. The machine moves slowly around your chest while you lie still. Each picture takes between 20-25 seconds and the entire scan is done in approximately 15 minutes.
There are two ways the “stress” portion of the test can be done.
- If you are able to walk about five blocks without pain, your heart can be stressed by walking on a treadmill. This workout will start out easy and slowly get harder. This is known as a treadmill stress test.
- If you are unable to walk much, one of two drugs can be used to “stress” the heart. These will be given through an IV. This is known as a pharmacologic stress test.
For the stress test, small sticky pads will be placed on your chest. The contact of these pads to the skin is important to get a good signal. Men may need to have hair shaved. These pads will be hooked to an ECG monitor so that your heart rhythm can be watched closely throughout the test.
Your heart rate and blood pressure will be monitored during the stress test. Tell the person giving the test if you have any of these symptoms at any time:
- Chest or arm pain
- Shortness of breath
If you are having a nuclear stress test a radioactive material will be injected through an IV line about 1½ minutes before the end of the stress test. It is carried to the heart by the blood where it is taken up by the heart muscle cells. The “stress” images will be taken 15-60 minutes after your stress test.
If you have any other questions or concerns, we will gladly help you with them. You can reach the Cardiac Eval Dept at (920) 568-5350. If you live out of the area, call 1-800-421-4677 and ask to be connected with Cardiac Evaluation.