Pelvic organ prolapse is a disorder in which one or more of the pelvic organs (bladder, uterus, or rectum) drop from their normal position. This can occur do to a combination of weak pelvic floor muscles or decreased ligament support of these organs. Studies have shown that prolapse can occur in over 40 percent of women.
Risk factors for pelvic organ prolapse include:
Symptoms of prolapse include:
Physical therapy has been found most effective in mild to moderate prolapse. Physical therapy can provide education on bowel and bladder habits that may contribute to prolapse and how to correct them. Some of these habits may include chronic straining for bowel movements as this puts more pressure on the pelvic floor.
Physical therapy can also focus on strengthening the pelvic floor muscles. Strengthening the pelvic floor muscles will give more support to the pelvic organs. If you have symptoms of pelvic organ prolapse talk with your healthcare provider to discuss if you might benefit from physical therapy to improve your condition.