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Prediabetes is a condition where your blood sugar level is above normal but not so high that a diagnosis of diabetes can be made. This is a condition which increases the risk for developing diabetes, heart disease, and stroke. There is good news in catching this condition early through regular checkups. With healthy lifestyle changes, you can prevent or delay the onset of type 2 diabetes. Take action; watch this video to find out more about what you can do.

Testing for Prediabetes

According to the CDC, 1 in 3 adults in the U.S. has prediabetes. Remember that having prediabetes makes it more likely that you will develop type 2 diabetes, heart attack, or stroke. Most often a routine blood test will alert your healthcare provider that you may have a be at risk of developing diabetes. This means that you have higher than normal blood sugar (glucose), but not high enough to be diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. Additional testing is perform to reach a formal diagnosis.

Fasting Blood Glucose Test

A blood glucose test is a blood test that tells you if your level of glucose, or blood sugar, is within a healthy range. Fasting plasma glucose, or FPG, is a common test used to diagnose and monitor diabetes or prediabetes.

Learn more about Blood Glucose testing.

Glucose Tolerance Test

A glucose tolerance test is used to screen for diabetes or prediabetes. To start the test, you have a blood glucose test done. Then you will drink a liquid rich in glucose, or sugar. For the next two to three hours, your healthcare provider will draw your blood to check your blood glucose levels and determine your risk for diabetes, prediabetes, or gestational diabetes.

Learn more about Glucose Tolerance testing.

A1C Test

A1C is a blood test used to screen people to find out whether they have diabetes or prediabetes. It’s also used in people who know they have diabetes to measure how well they are controlling their blood sugar and to guide their treatment decisions over time.

Learn more about A1C testing.

Delaying the Onset of Prediabetes

Reduce your body weight. Lose at least 5% to 7% of your current weight. Even a small amount of weight loss can help.
Be more physically active. Get at least 30 minutes of exercise 5 days a week.
Work with your healthcare provider. Make a plan to eat well and be more active.
Keep in mind that small changes can add up.

If it is untreated, prediabetes can turn into diabetes. This is a serious health condition. Take steps to stop this from happening. Follow the treatment plan you have been given. You may have your blood glucose tested again in about 12 to 18 months.