Men 55 to 70 should talk to thier doctor about the risks and benefits of screening. Should you choose to have a prostate exam and prostate-specific antigen (PSA) testing, screening intervals are then every 2 years or more. Keep in mind, however, that experts are still debating the value of prostate cancer screening for otherwise healthy men. Discuss the pros and cons of this test with your healthcare provider, so you can make a decision that’s right for you.
What is it?
Prostate cancer screening may include a digital rectal exam (DRE) and a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test. During a DRE, the doctor inserts a lubricated, gloved finger into your rectum, feels the prostate gland, and checks for any lumps or uneven firmness in the prostate. The PSA test is a blood test that measures the amount of a protein secreted by the prostate gland.
A DRE can detect prostate enlargement or prostate cancer, and high levels of PSA may indicate prostate cancer.