When it comes to nutrition, some simple diet changes can improve your lipid numbers. Lipid labs are used by doctors to check the levels of cholesterol. LDL (bad) cholesterol, HDL (good) cholesterol, and your triglycerides all make up cholesterol levels. It's important to know these numbers and what they mean in order to be more proactive when it comes to taking care of your heart health.
Firstly, Cholesterol is mostly made in the liver and little comes from food. It is carried by the LDL particle to each cell of our body and is necessary to make cell walls, hormones, and even bile that break down fat and fiber. When there's too much cholesterol or the LDL particle is small and sticky, it forms plaque on the arteries.
Secondly, HDL cholesterol hauls the excess cholesterol back to the liver to be recycled and acts like a “garbage collector.” It is good to have LOTS of garbage collectors. Most of the HDL is determined by heredity, but weight loss, exercise, and smoking cessation can raise HDL. Eating a heart healthy diet, finding an exercise regimen that fits your lifestyle, and reducing heart health risks can improve ones HDL.
Lastly, triglycerides are made in the liver. Triglycerides should be below 150. High triglycerides are associated with: low HDL, sticky LDL particles, and insulin resistance (the start of diabetes). We really like low triglyceride levels.
To help you know what your lipid numbers mean to your heart health and to find out more dietary ways to change, ask to see a Registered Dietitian for some good advice.